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Metropolis: SE

Madman Entertainment/AV Channel . R4 . B&W . 118 mins . PG . PAL


The silent classic Metropolis has never been seen as its creator, German film director Fritz Lang, wished.

Its original German distributor, UFA, not only changed the running speed of the movie to shorten its running time, but cut entire scenes out as well, considerably changing the film's structure.

And as time went by, things got worse. As this fantastic German constructivist Sci-Fi film steadily grew in fame, so different people tried to re-invent, re-interpret or just plain butcher it. Entire generations of filmgoers grew up wanting to see Metropolis but having to endure prints that were a travesty of the original.

Now, thanks to the Murnau Foundation in Germany, we have what is possibly the definitive restoration of this great movie. This is one of the greatest film restoration achievements of the digital age. We have won back from vandalised travesty a priceless film treasure.

Metropolis, made in 1927, tells the story of a mighty city of the future. Workers are housed underneath the city; citizens above. Towering over the city is a mighty edifice, the new Tower of Babel. Underneath, where workers toil endlessly day and night, are the mighty machines which support life in the city.

The city's builder/dictator, Joh Frederson, is seemingly oblivious to the growing discontent of the workers. They are in torment. Down below though is a figure of peace and possible reconciliation, Mary, with whom Joh Frederson's son Freder has fallen in love.

But there are two Marys. For above, in the city, the sorcerer-scientist Dr Rotwang has created a metal simulacrum which he will bring to life. And in doing so, he will create not a replica of Mary, but a Mary of staggeringly different nature.

The Mary of the workers' quarter is a sacred Mother-Virgin figure, a modern Madonna. But the new Mary has had the religious sexual repression removed. This doppelganger has become instead the Whore of Babylon. Where the original Mary preached peace, the new Mary preaches lust, murder and destruction.

The film, based on a novel and screenplay by Lang's wife Thea Von Harbou, is multi-layered, with rich references to the two main (and inextricably inter-linked) European mythologies of Judaism and Christianity.

These references are timeless. In one blood-chilling scene, the main machine below the city becomes transformed in Freder's vision into the abominable god Moloch, who tempted the Israelites during their desert exile. And in another mythological reference redolent of the occult, Dr Rotwang lives in a tiny, crooked Medieval hut within the modern city -- an obvious parallel to the medieval ghetto in which the Golem, the prototype of Frankenstein's Monster, was bred.

About a quarter of Metropolis is still missing, but extensive research, restoration and clever intertitles have allowed us to appreciate for the first time the experience of the complete movie.

It is an awesome experience -- the architecture of this imaginary city alone is worth exploring. The young Luis Bunuel, working as a film critic at the time of the movie's opening, saw it as a poem to architecture. And the massive futuristic designs and special effects are still sensational and evocative. Without this movie, much of today's cinema, including such modern reference points as Blade Runner, could not ever have been conceived. This is one mother of all movies......


This is of course a fullscreen transfer in its original ratio. It is a bit-rich transfer, luscious in its black-and-white tones and shadings. The digital transfer gives full effect to the obviously meticulous film restoration.

This is a controversial DVD release, in that its issuers have chosen to bring it out at its original premiere running tempo of 26 frames per second, while many film historians believe that Fritz Lang sought a projection speed of around 20 frames per second. The original score, by composer Gottfried Huppertz, was cued to this original 26 fps projection speed, and the use of that original score appears to be the main motivation for the DVD transfer speed.

However, the film was cranked at around 26 fps while being shot, so for the most part, movement seems reasonably natural -- although there are certain scenes, such as during the Whore of Babylon's lascivious dance, when Fritz Lang's desired slower running speed would have created quite a different effect.

I think film scholars would appreciate a reissue at some date of the film cranked at Lang's slower speed, with the original Huppertz score adapted, perhaps for piano or organ, to suit the slower tempo. But don't hold your breath for that ... this release will most probably stay the definitive one for all practical purposes.


The newly-recorded Huppertz score is here in both 5.1 Surround and in stereo. Both tracks are excellent. There are no special effects to need any bass extension, but the Surround track does have increased spatial depth and resonance.


The extra features are not just extra, but totally obligatory.

Chief amongst them is a very pertinent and informative audio commentary prepared by film historian Enno Patalas, and read extremely well by actor David Cook.

I recommend viewing Metropolis the first time while listening to the audio commentary, which is posited nicely above the soundtrack music. Then, two or three days later, watch the whole dang thing again, with the sound up loud, and let the Fritz Lang experience, fantastic image and lush orchestra sound, just wash over you. With all this going on, who needs mushrooms?

On the second disc is a 43-minute documentary which is a potted history of German silent cinema, leading to the masterpiece which is Metropolis. This documentary is the work of film historian Enno Patalas, who also prepared the audio commentary.

Don't get the wrong idea though that Metropolis is this era's towering achievement. Compulsory viewing also are several films mentioned in the documentary, amongst them the vampire movie Nosferatu, and the amazing expressionistic masterpiece The Cabinet of Dr Caligari. With silent movies like these, who needs sound?

There is a short and quite wonderful featurette on the digital restoration of the movie, which shows how Fritz Lang's outstanding special effects had to be virtually re-created for this restored edition.

The photo galleries present a rich array of the production stills, photographs of missing scenes, architectural sketches and poster artwork. And cast and crew biographies round out the very worthwhile special features.

The Madman packaging, which is very similar to the folding cardboard digipaks used in Region One by Warner Bros. for their premium releases, really does qualify by itself as an Extra Feature - this is very handsome prestige, premium packaging which does the entire project proud.


Well, you really have no choice. This must be in the collection of any and every person who professes to have a love of cinema. Don't bother renting it; this is a purchase which will enrich your life.

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  •  DVD NET Gold Review List 
      And I quote...
    "One of the greatest film restoration achievements of the digital age. A priceless film treasure."
    - Anthony Clarke
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    • Receiver:
          Denon AVR-3801
    • Speakers:
          Neat Acoustics PETITE
    • Centre Speaker:
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